Thursday, January 26, 2017

Ethnic and Racial Rates of Arrest for Murder

According to a report by "Time", Africans in New York City erupted into an orgy of violence on a hot day in the summer of 1977. For the 40th anniversary of this event, we examine the ethnic and racial rates of arrest for murder.

According to data provided by the Pew Research Center, the population of the United States of America (USA) in 2013 has the following demographic distribution, in which Hispanics are grouped into a separate category.

Total European
(White)
African
(Black)
American
Indian or
Alaskan
Native
Asian Native
Hawaiian
or Other
Pacific
Islander
Other
Hispanic 53,964,235 35,582,596 1,125,442 466,674 185,724 45,042 16,558,757
non-
Hispanic
262,164,604 197,391,758 38,851,242 2,081,234 15,825,473 467,668 7,547,229
Overall 316,128,839 232,974,354 39,976,684 2,547,908 16,011,197 512,710 24,105,986

Table 1

The category, "Other", is for either an unspecified race or a mixture of multiple races. For the Hispanic population, we distribute the count in this category to the other categories in proportion to their current counts. For the non-Hispanic population, we normalize the data in the same manner. The results appear in Table 2. (For all calculations, we used the maximum precision allowed by our computer although we show only the rounded results in the tables in this essay.)

Total European
(White)
African
(Black)
American
Indian or
Alaskan
Native
Asian Native
Hawaiian
or Other
Pacific
Islander
Hispanic 53,964,235 51,334,395 1,623,656 673,262 267,941 64,981
non-
Hispanic
262,164,604 203,242,737 40,002,849 2,142,925 16,294,563 481,530
Overall 316,128,839 254,577,131 41,626,505 2,816,187 16,562,504 546,512

Table 2

According to data provided by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the following numbers of arrests for murder occurred in the USA in 2013.

Total European
(White)
African
(Black)
American
Indian or
Alaskan
Native
Asian Native
Hawaiian
or Other
Pacific
Islander
8,383 3,799 4,379 98 101 6

Table 3

In 4,850 incidents (out of the above 8,383 incidents), the agency that handled the arrest reported whether the suspect is Hispanic. This ethnic data for the 4,850 incidents appears in the row titled "Actual" in Table 4. In the row titled "Estimated", we estimated the number of Hispanics by assuming that the proportion of Hispanics in 8383 incidents is identical to the proportion in the 4850 incidents.

Total Hispanic non-Hispanic
Actual 4,850 1,052 3,798
Estimated 8,383 1,818 6,565

Table 4

Next, (1) dividing the quantities in Table 3 by the corresponding quantities for the overall population in Table 2 and (2) multiplying the quotient by 100,000 yields the number of arrests per 100,000 people. The results appear in Table 5.

Overall European
(White)
African
(Black)
American
Indian or
Alaskan
Native
Asian Native
Hawaiian
or Other
Pacific
Islander
2.6518 1.4923 10.5197 3.4799 0.6098 1.0979

Table 5. Number of Arrests (per 100,000 People) for Murder

In order to determine the rate of arrest for Hispanics, we assume that the rate of arrest for each ethnicity or race in the Hispanic population is the product of a constant and the rate of arrest for the same ethnicity or race in the overall population.[1] Under this assumption, we determined the numbers of arrests in Table 6, where the data for Hispanics appears in its own category.

Total European
(White)
African
(Black)
American
Indian or
Alaskan
Native
Asian Native
Hawaiian
or Other
Pacific
Islander
Hispanic
8,383 2,352 4,056 54 98 5 1818

Table 6

Using Table 2 and Table 6, we determined the rates of arrest in Table 7.

Overall European
(White)
African
(Black)
American
Indian or
Alaskan
Native
Asian Native
Hawaiian
or Other
Pacific
Islander
Hispanic
2.6518 1.1572 10.1402 2.5080 0.6009 0.9662 3.3695

Table 7. Number of Arrests (per 100,000 People) for Murder
with Hispanics as a Separate Category

Grouping Hispanic Africans with other Africans, we derived Table 8 from Table 2, Table 3, and Table 6.

Overall European
(White)
African
(Black)
American
Indian or
Alaskan
Native
Asian Native
Hawaiian
or Other
Pacific
Islander
Hispanic
2.6518 1.1572 10.5197 2.5080 0.6009 0.9662 2.8576

Table 8. Number of Arrests (per 100,000 People) for Murder
with Hispanic Africans Grouped with Africans

The data in Table 7 and Table 8 confirms that differences in culture and genetics produce differences in behavior among ethnic and racial groups. This data is consistent with the fact that African nations and Hispanic nations (in Central and South America) have much higher rates of violent crime than a typical European country like Germany (before it was inundated by anti-Western immigrants).

Evolution produced differences in culture and genetics among ethnic and racial groups. We should respect those differences and adjust our immigration policy accordingly.

note
1. An appropriate name for this constant is the coefficient of Hispanic aggression (CHA). For the data in this analysis, the value of CHA is 1.8889 . It is the multiplier by which being Hispanic amplifies the rate of arrest for murder. For example, within the European population, the rate for Hispanics is almost 2 times the rate for non-Hispanics.

1 comment:

NoPcViews said...

Very interesting article. Easy to draw your own conclusions but apparently not for politicians.